Some of the earliest signs of gingivitis, an early form of periodontal disease, are bleeding and red or swollen gums. Treatment for advanced gum infections depends on the severity of the disease. The following are treatment options you should discuss with your dental professional:
- Scaling and Root Planing: In this combination gum infection treatment, a dental professional scrapes tartar from areas of the affected teeth both above and below the gum line (scaling) and smoothes the surface of the tooth root to prevent bacteria buildup (planing).
- Gingivectomy: A gingivectomy is a form of gum infection treatment that involves the removal of gum tissue.
- Flap Surgery: If your gum disease is severe, flap surgery may be necessary involving bone or tissue grafts. (1), (2)